Before you start traveling, there are so many thing that you should prepare. What kind of backpack should you choose, how to withdraw your money abroad or what you should bring with yourself. Of course, perhaps the most important of these is Travel Vaccines. Your travel can end because of a missing vaccination. Many South American countries are asking you to prove you have your travel vaccines before you enter their country.
Travel Health Centers in Turkey will give you the International Travel Certificate you need for which countries, which vaccinations you need to take, as well as your burden during your travel. In general, these are the vaccinations you need to take:
If you say you are going to South America, you definitely have to take this vaccination. Getting the vaccine is not enough, you also need to prove it. Many countries in South America want you to document that you have Yellow Fever vaccines at airports or when crossing the border. If you are not vaccinated or vaccinated, but you do not have a document to prove it, then you can be rejected from the border.
There is no vaccination at the airport or at the border gates, so you should have done it before leaving Turkey.
You need to stay away from places with high chances of mosquito. But if inevitable, have yourself vaccinated for protection. Vaccination should be done at least 10 days before travel.
Typhoid fever is present in all countries of the world. It is more common in countries with low hygiene standards. Typhus is usually transmitted from unsanitary foods and unclean drinking water. Generally, the risk is higher in regions such as Africa, Central and South America (Peru) and Asia (India). If the vaccination is not compulsory but you are going especially to India and Peru, I would advise you to take it.
The main cause of cholera transmission is unhygienic water and the foods which are washed with dirty water. Bacteria are transmitted by feces. The disease starts 6-8 hours after bacteria entry. The disease is caused by diarrhea, abdominal pain, swelling and vomiting by holding onto the small intestines, and comes out by symptoms like diarrhea, abdominal pain, and swelling. Many developing countries in Africa and Asia and rarely in Central and South America are affected by Cholera. Though Cholera Vaccine is not compulsory, even with simple precautions, the risk of getting Cholera has been reduced significantly.
4.Meningococcus, Meningitis Vaccine
Meningitis disease is especially seen during December to June in sub-Saharan. The Meningococcus vaccination is a vaccination required by Saudi Arabia to visit Mecca and Medina in the period of pilgrimage and Umrah. In some countries it is necessary after one returns from pilgrimage. You may be asked to take this vaccination if you will go to these areas.
We know it as child’s polio vaccine. This disease is rare in developed countries but is still present in developing countries. Even if the name is a vaccine, it is not injected. They drop a drop on the mouths of passengers traveling to the diseased area, and that’s it. It definitely needs to be taken.
There is no vaccine against malaria. The Travel Health Centers give you free medicine required during your travel. You should start using these pills before going on a trip and have to continue with these pills throughout your travels. But if you travel a long time, the drugs given to you from the Travel Health Center will not be enough for your entire trip. In this case you should resort to self-supply. Be aware that laxdrugs are quite expensive. Since you will be using drugs for a long time, you may be exposed to side effects. Taking a risk, you can use plenty of mosquito repellent to protect yourself from malaria without using the drug at all. You can talk to the doctor in the Travel Health Center and make the right decision in this regard.
7.Diphtheria – Tetanus – Whooping Cough Vaccine
Even if you will not travel, this is an important vaccine that you should routinely take. It is actually a vaccine shot routinely after birth. But the vaccine can be taken again because the dose of vaccine is decreasing day by day in our body. You can also take this vaccination at the Travel Health Center for free.
8. Hepatitis A and B Vaccines
If you have not had Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B vaccinations, you should do it before going out, especially Hepatitis B. These vaccines are available from any state hospital. Your blood samples will be taken and checked whether you have passed these two diseases before. According to the results, you have probably passed Hepatitis A and produced antibodies. If they are negative, they give you free Hepatitis B vaccine immediately.
8.1 Hepatitis A
If you are traveling to Central or South America, Caribbean, Asian except Mexico, Japan, Africa and Eastern European countries, you should have Hepatitis A vaccination if you need your vaccine results. Immunized vaccine-derived antibodies should be vaccinated 4 weeks before passenger’s travel, since they cannot be detected 2 weeks prior to vaccination. An additional vaccine given between 6 and 24 months later is also recommended. This program is expected to protect you for at least 10 years.
8.2 Hepatitis B
Particularly in areas where the infectious diseases are high risk such as China, Africa, Central Asia and North East, the Middle East and Eastern Europe must be hit by those who travel to those areas. Hepatitis B vaccine is administered in 3 doses. The interval between the first dose and the second dose is one month, and between the second and third one is 6 month. The disease is at risk for blood or blood products that are exposed to fluids or who enter unprotected sex. Other risks that may arise are health care (medical, dental, laboratory, etc.) and unsuitable sterilized acupuncture, piercings, tattoos, or injections and use of medicines that may cause you to experience illness.
Vaccination is important, but not enough. Additional suggestions to keep in mind:
- Wash your hands often. For soap and water free conditions, use alcohol-based hand antiseptics.
- If you are not sure of the cleanliness of the water only drink the boiled water or packaged bottles. Consumebeverages in bottles or boxes.
- Do not use ice in your drinks.
- Just eat the cooked foods. If you have to eat uncooked vegetables or fruit, absolutely peel them.
- Before traveling, apply necessary medicine and other protective measures as recommended during travel and after travel.
- Do not consume unpasteurized milk and dairy products.
- Avoid swimming in unchlorinated fresh water environments such as pond as those have higher risk of microbes.
- If you are not a professional, avoid touching animals and feeding them. If you are bitten or injured, consult a health facility immediately.
- If you are traveling to risky areas with chances of Malaria, get additional information and medication advice for added.